SCALES
 

Scales are very important to learn because they are the building blocks of music.  There are many different kinds of scales.  This lesson will only deal with the most common type of scales which are the MAJOR SCALES and the MINOR SCALES.  Odd fingering numbers for scales will be notated in RED letters.  There is no one specific right way to do the odd fingerings that you see in some of the scales.  Different method books teach different fingerings.  I wrote the fingerings that I like to use for a one octave scale.  When you start playing 2 and 3 octave scales then you have to modify the fingerings.  This lesson is designed for beginners and will only show you the basic one octave scale.  The main thing to memorize when working with scales are the notes that make up the scales.  Scales are the basis of understanding key signatures.  I double checked the fingering numbers below, and I think there are no typographical errors.  But, it is really, really easy to put in a typographical error when you are assigning fingering numbers.  But, at least I can say that after double checking, I feel that 99 percent of them are correct.  Sometimes you just don't see the error, no matter how many times you look.  If you do not know the fingering numbers for your fingers, I will review it with you right quick:  Thumbs are 1; index fingers are 2; middle fingers are 3; ring fingers are 4; little fingers are 5.

 

C Major Scale Exercises:  pdf file - midi file - EASY TO READ NOTES - MIDI

The ascending right hand fingering for C major scale is:  1-2-3-1-2-3-4-5
The ascending left hand fingering for C major scale is: 5-4-3-2-1-3-2-1

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

G Major Scale Exercises:  pdf file - midi file

The ascending right hand fingering for G major scale is:  1-2-3-1-2-3-4-5
The ascending left hand fingering for G major scale is: 5-4-3-2-1-3-2-1

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

D Major Scale Exercises:  pdf file - midi file

The ascending right hand fingering for D major scale is:  1-2-3-1-2-3-4-5
The ascending left hand fingering for D major scale is: 5-4-3-2-1-3-2-1

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

A Major Scale Exercises:  pdf file - midi file

The ascending right hand fingering for A major scale is:  1-2-3-1-2-3-4-5
The ascending left hand fingering for A major scale is: 5-4-3-2-1-3-2-1

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

E Major Scale Exercises:  pdf file - midi file

The ascending right hand fingering for E major scale is:  1-2-3-1-2-3-4-5
The ascending left hand fingering for E major scale is: 5-4-3-2-1-3-2-1

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

B Major Scale Exercises:  pdf file - midi file

The ascending right hand fingering for E major scale is:  1-2-3-1-2-3-4-5
Left ascending hand fingering for B major scale is:  4-3-2-1-4-3-2-1

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

F Major Scale Exercises:  pdf file - midi file

The ascending right hand fingering for F major scale is:  1-2-3-4-1-2-3-4
The ascending left hand fingering for F major scale is: 5-4-3-2-1-3-2-1

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Bb Major Scale Exercises:  pdf file - midi file

The ascending right hand fingering for Bb major scale is:  4-1-2-3-1-2-3-4
The ascending left hand fingering for a Bb major scale is:  3-2-1-4-3-2-1-3

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Eb Major Scale Exercises:  pdf file - midi file

The ascending right hand fingering for Eb major scale is: 3-1-2-3-4-1-2-3
The ascending left hand fingering for a Eb major scale is: 3-2-1-4-3-2-1-3

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Ab Major Scale Exercises:  pdf file - midi file

The ascending right hand fingering for Ab major scale is: 3-4-1-2-3-1-2-3
The ascending left hand fingering for a Ab major scale is: 4-3-2-1-3-2-1-4

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Db Major Scale Exercises:  pdf file - midi file

The ascending right hand fingering for Db major scale is: 2-3-1-2-3-4-1-2
The ascending left hand fingering for a Db major scale is: 3-2-1-4-3-2-1-3

CADENCE PRACTICE

To be proficient at the piano and to be able to play a song in any key that you want, you have to know the cadences.  I am going to give you one of many cadences.  This cadence plays the I - IV - I - V.  You start out with the I in tthe root position.  Then you play the IV chord in the 2nd inverted position, then you go back to the I chord in the root position, then next play the V chord in the 1st inverted position, then finish the cadence with the I chord in the root position.  This is the first cadence that every piano student learns, before going on to the other cadences.  For example, you could start the cadence out with the I chord in the 1st or the 2nd inverted position.  Also, in some cadence studies you play the V7 chord instead of just the V chord.  Anyhow, it is not difficult to memorize the other cadence systems once you learn the one I am presenting here, because they are so similar.  The key thing is to be able to play any chord in the root, 1st inverted position, and the 2nd inverted position, if you can do that, then learning all the various cadences is quite easy.  Learning how to play the cadences really gives you great insight into key signatures and into transposing.  If you go back and analyze the left hand part to some of the scale exercises, you will see where I used a key signature chord cadence to support the scale.

Cadence #1 pdf file

Left Hand C Major Chord CADENCE with graphics PDF

Cadence #1 midi file Using multiple Key Signatures

Left Hand C Major Chord Cadence ONLY Midi File

 

WATCH ME DEMONSTRATE THIS C CHORD CADENCE
FOR BOTH LEFT AND RIGHT HANDS
Sometimes you have to click two times slowly on the
START button to get the video to play.  It takes about
30 seconds to load.  Be patient.

Key Of C Major Video

 

Cadence #1 for the key Of C Major Easy To Read NOTES and Pictures

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Key Of D Major Video

 

Cadence #1 for the key of D Major

Cadence #1 for the key of D Major Easy To Read Notes - PDF file

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Cadence #1 for the key of E Major

Cadence #1 for the key of F Major

Cadence #1 for the key of G Major

Cadence #1 for the key of A Major

Cadence #1 for the key of B Major

Cadence #1 for the key of Db Major

Cadence #1 for the key of Eb Major

Cadence #1 for the key of F# Major

Cadence #1 for the key of Ab Major

Cadence #1 for the key of Bb Major

COUNTER RHYTHM SCALES

Exercise #1 midi file

Exercise #2 pdf file

 

 

 

 

I hope to add the minor scales to this lesson in the future.
But, like everyone else, there are a million things to do.

 

 

Return To Main Page

Send E-mail